Hormone therapy can be used to address symptoms such as hot flashes, or any of the other symptoms of menopause, if they are impacting the quality of life.
Hormone therapies can be given as oral medications, skin patches (transdermal), or gels. Some hormone therapies have both estrogen and progestogen in one oral dose or patch. Other options are combining a transdermal preparation with a pill or intrauterine progestin device. A new option combines an estrogen preparation with a new medication called a SERM instead of a progestogen.
For women whose only symptoms are genital, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, bladder problems – “local” hormone therapy will be offered. For example, a cream, tablet or ring may be recommended to deal with vaginal symptoms and restore estrogen. Some hormone therapies have both estrogen and progestogen in one oral dose or patch. Your physician can help advise you on HT options, as well as alternative therapies, and the impact of lifestyle choices (such as diet, exercise, and consumption of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine) on your symptoms.